Cultural genocide is the destruction of those structures and practices that allow the group to continue as a group.
PrehistoryPrehistory, the rise of civilization, and the ancient Middle East to c.
E Prehistory to c. Prehistory and the rise of Civilization to c. Introduction There are three types of evolution that have driven the development of human societies. The first of these is biological evolution where nature very slowly adapts us physically to our changing environment.
Whether one believes in the theory of dynamic biological change and evolution or a more static creationist model of biology, one cannot deny we are biological beings with certain characteristics that largely distinguish us from other animals.
There are five major characteristics that make humans unique. One is our binocular and color vision that gives us depth perception and a more detailed view of our surroundings respectively.
Second we have upright posture, which frees our hands. This brings us to the third factor, our hands with opposable thumbs, which allow us to manipulate various objects and our environment.
That in itself would be worth very little if it were not for the fourth characteristic, our brain that allows us to use our hands in intelligent and creative ways.
The brain also makes possible the fifth characteristic, speech which allows us to share knowledge and ideas quickly so each generation does not have to rediscover that knowledge on its own, giving it time to discover and develop new knowledge and ideas.
This unique combination of biological characteristics is the basis for two other types of evolution: One can see cultural evolution as how people adapt their behavior to the environment. Since these are conscious rather than totally random, or non-existent, changes, they occur at a much faster pace than biological change.
However, the force of tradition typically keeps people from rapidly changing long-standing cultural traditions that generally have served society well in the past.
This is because people through most of history have barely survived with little or no surplus, giving them little or no margin for error if the new change does not work, and making them reluctant to change cultural norms very rapidly. Technological evolution enables people to adapt or change their environment to meet their needs.
This is often something that can be done without immediately changing cultural norms. Therefore, it tends to happen at a much faster rate than cultural change. Not only that, but each new invention, being developed consciously and often based on previous successful inventions, is likely to improve the standard of living.
This makes people more likely to develop new inventions, further improving their standard of living, and so on. Typically, if one part of a culture changes, it leads to changes in the other parts of the culture. One can visualize each part of a culture social structure, political structure, technology, the arts, religion, economy, military institutions, etc.
If one part e. If any, some, or all the other parts do not move, the rubber bands connecting them stretch as the distance between them increases. If the distance and tension become too great, one or more of the rubber bands snaps, signifying some form of breakdown or dramatic change, such as a revolution.
An overview of the flow of history The combination of cultural and technological change along with the Rubber Band Theory helps explain the overall flow of history. The process driving this comes increasingly from technological change.
This leads to surpluses that lead, among other things, to wars and conflict since people have typically fought over material wealth. These surpluses and the wars they cause lead to efforts to find new and better technologies. These create even more surpluses and wars, more new technologies, and so on.
Since there are more technologies on which to base new ones each time this feedback cycles around, technology growth continually accelerates in speed and intensity.
This process has created four successive stages of development in human society, each of which feeds back into the cycle of technological growth, thus leading to the next stage.
Such societies were highly mobile as they pursued wild game. They had little or no surplus and therefore virtually no private property since, being mobile, they could carry very little with them. By the same token, they had to be highly cooperative and share freely, since a man or the men as a group did not always bring home any meat and had to rely on what the women had gathered.
All this made for a somewhat egalitarian society with little difference in status between men and women.Domestic and Global protectionist policies affecting economies Throughout the global economy, there are free trade zones and there are restricted zones. Free Trade exists when there is an absence of government imposed barriers in existence between nations in order to restrict trade.
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I think it is relevant that both of the example patient types are old. I believe it may just be that in these kinds of cases, misery is the culmination of a generalized and very subtle attitude choices add up over the years (and confirmation bias would add to this).
Analyzing the political and banking history of the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Brazil through several centuries, Fragile by Design demonstrates that chronic banking crises and scarce credit are not accidents due to unforeseen circumstances.
by Robert Engelman We are far from a world in which all births result from intended pregnancies. Surveys show that approximately 40% of pregnancies are unintended in developing countries, and 47% in developed ones. Jul 06, · Foreclosures also jumped in some Utah counties that had experienced rapid growth in the past decade.
"It was a speculative bubble, and when the economy popped, it hit us hard," said Dean Cox, administrator for Washington County in southwest Utah, where the foreclosure rate more than doubled to 4 percent in the past schwenkreis.com: The Automatic Earth.