Gulf War Oil Disaster: A Brief History Published:
Advertisement Some kilometers of oyster reefs are being built along the Alabama coast to help mitigate effects of the BP oil spill. Accumulating sediment is extending the marsh, and scientists report oyster recruitment and increased bird and fish activity around the sites.
During the past years nearly 90 percent of natural oyster reefs in the Gulf of Mexico have been removed, the shell used for roadbeds and construction, or lost due to overfishing and declining water quality.
This loss left the entire marine ecosystem more vulnerable to damage from the five-million-barrel Gulf oil spill in Oysters—sedentary organisms particularly susceptible to harm from oil and dispersant exposure—were also directly affected, with decreased recruitment of oyster larvae throughout the northern Gulf inand the fall of Building oyster reefs will not only help restore those losses, but make the Gulf system as a whole healthier and more resilient.
The reef effort is the kind of science-based project many Gulf stakeholders had in mind when they pushed for a federal act, called RESTORE, that allocated to Gulf restoration much of the potentially billions of dollars in fines and penalties that will be paid by those responsible for the oil spill.
It may be the exception more than the rule, however, according to participants at the State of the Gulf of Mexico Summit. Held in Houston in March, the summit was the latest of many gatherings to discuss restoration of this economically and ecologically important body of water.
Some attendees from government, industry, science and nongovernmental organizations focused on how to ensure that restoration efforts are backed by sound science.
There is as yet no process for making that happen. Such scientific review would not only give projects the best chance for success, but would shield decision makers from pressure to fund projects for purely political reasons.
We have a rare opportunity to address ecosystem issues on a grand scale—and to step away from that opportunity in order to address more provincial needs may be understandable but would be a singular failure.
But scientists, institutions and agencies in the area have already begun working together on post-spill research and restoration proposals. As time passes the disaster and its ongoing effects fade from the public eye. That increases the danger of fragmented restoration and politically motivated projects rather than a comprehensive, science-based approach.
It also creates the risk that another disaster could divert money from the Gulf restoration pipeline. Treasury regulations are finalized, perhaps in September, and court action determining what penalty BP will pay is not set to start until The public comment period ended February 19,and no funds have yet been allocated, but this money will likely be the first to become available.
Its Advisory Group is currently holding input meetings and has not provided a timetable for release of funds. But other projects lack such a foundation and the early restoration plan does not fund long-term monitoring of project success nor include a peer review process.
Building oyster reefs in Alabama is a start; large-scale, Gulf-wide oyster reef restoration would be even better. This paragraph was edited after posting. She also has a passion for the ocean and writes about it whenever possible for publications such as Nature News, Men's Journal, The New York Times, and many others.Under the Council-Selected Restoration Component, commonly referred to as "Bucket 2", the RESTORE Council as awarded grants and interagency agreements in each of the Gulf Coast states of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas, as well as Gulf-wide projects and programs, which are those projects or programs in two are more of these states.
At the end of January , reports of a huge oil spill in the Persian Gulf began to surface. Iraqi forces purposefully opened valves at the Sea Island oil terminal and dumped oil from several tankers into the Persian Gulf in a strategic wartime move against U.S.
Triumph Gulf Coast, Inc., is a nonprofit corporation organized to oversee the expenditure of 75 percent of all funds recovered by the Florida attorney general for economic damages to the state that resulted from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Sep 14, · Oil from the Deepwater Horizon spill floats on the water in as the sky is reflected in sheen on Barataria Bay, off the coast of Louisiana. How Did the BP Oil Spill Affect Gulf Coast Wildlife? [Slide Show] One year later, there are more questions than answers about the impact of the oil spill from BP's Macondo well on wildlife and.
The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) has been a sponsor and founding member of the Executive Committee of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill and Ecosystem Science (GoMOSES) conference since it began in