Sisira Edirippulige The increasing number of never-married individuals has become a global phenomenon. Like many Asian countries, the sociocultural standard in Indonesia defines being married as a desirable social achievement, which leaves single adults vulnerable to derogation.
Happiness and Psychological Well-Being: Happy people live longer and enjoy a greater quality of life. They function at a higher level, utilizing their personal strengths, skills, and abilities to contribute to their own well-being as well as that of others and society.
They are more likely to be compassionate and, therefore, to contribute to the moral fiber of society in diversely beneficial ways. They are less prone to experience depression and, if they do, tend to manage it better and more quickly. They are less likely to experience anxiety, stress, or anger.
As a result, happy people engage in fewer acts of violence or antisocial behaviors. In all, they contribute to society in economic, social, moral, spiritual, and psychological terms. Compared to unhappy or depressed people, the happier ones are less of a burden to health services, social welfare agencies, or police and justice systems and so are less of a burden to the economy.
Given this, in conjunction with the worldwide escalation in rates of depression, is there any better reason for communities, states, and nations to be addressing the question, How can we create an environment that will best facilitate the happiness of our citizens?
But to address that question, we perhaps need to ask some preceding ones: How can society create a conducive context for the development of happiness? Fortunately, in the last decade or so, burgeoning research in the field of positive psychology has taught us much about the state of happiness.
Most research prior to this, at least in the Western world, had focused on psychological abnormalities, dysfunction, and idiosyncrasies—despite happiness being the next most important life goal for most people once our physical needs for food, shelter, and health have been met.
So what have we learned from this research? Relationships First, as a contributor to happiness, research shows that relationships top the scale. Researchers in one study asked, What contributes to the top ten percent of happy people being happy?
The answer was clear: Researchers have found that spirituality is clearly linked with higher levels of subjective well-being and higher satisfaction with both life and marriage. Spirituality Second on the list of what most contributes to happiness is a sense of spirituality.
In fact, a sense of spirituality strongly correlates to a life well-lived.
Similarly it seems that people cope better with major adversity in their lives and major physical illness if they have a sense of established spirituality. How can communities, societies, and governments create such an atmosphere?
Some Suggestions In regard to relationships, spirituality, and the identification and use of strengths, the path to developing happiness first needs to incorporate policies and practices that a respect, value, and encourage positive, healthy, and mutually respectful relationships; b promote a strong sense of family values and ties; c allow the freedom for citizens to develop healthy, happy relationships; and d encourage the maintenance of those relationships.
Second, concerning spirituality, it befits governing bodies to create an environment in which individuals are a free to follow their individual spiritual paths; b free to hold those beliefs without fear of retribution; and c allowed to engage freely in spiritual practices, assuming that those beliefs are beneficial to both individuals and society.
To receive the benefits of this, society needs to provide opportunities for citizens to a discover their strengths; b develop and train those strengths; and c apply such strengths effectively.
Happy people contribute much to society—to both the social fabric of society and its effective functioning—and they are less of a drain on its resources.
It is therefore in the interests of countries and communities to examine the research on what facilitates happiness and to provide a context in which these factors can develop.
Not only will individual citizens be healthy, happier, and more productive, but so will the community and the world as a whole. Psychological Science 13, 81— Positive Psychology and the Life Well-Lived. The funds, friends, and faith of happy people.David G.
Myers in his article “The Funds, Friends, and Faith of Happy People” published in the American Psychologist () and Michael Wiederman in “Why It's So Hard to Be Happy” published in the Scientific American Mind (), discuss the reasons which lead people to be happy, and the factors which contribute to unhappiness.
New studies are revealing predictors of subjective well-being, often assessed as self-reported happiness and life satisfaction.
Worldwide, most people report being at least moderately happy. The Science of Well-Being Spring , Department of Psychology, Stanford University Course Instructors: Hazel Markus and Katie Curhan The Funds, Friends, and Faith of Happy People.
American Psychologist. 55, Week 4, April 26th: The construction of well-being; Well-being by nation and region (2 classes on this topic) Well-being. Journal Articles on Psychology and Faith: Reflections on religious belief and prosociality: Comment on Galen ().
The funds, friends, and faith of happy people. (PDF) (). Myers, D. G. American Psychologist, 55, On professing psychological science and Christian faith. If You Pursue Happiness, You May Find Loneliness Some sad facts about happiness.
Posted Nov 29, Myers, D. G. (). The funds, friends, and faith of happy people. American Psychologist. The Funds, Friends, and Faith of Happy People David G. Myers Hope College New studies are revealing predictors of subjective well- unhappy.
Recent warm-hearted books for the would-be being, often assessed as self-reported happiness and life happy (often .