History[ edit ] India experienced a phenomenal rate of urban growth during the 25 years following independence and Bombay has had its due share in it. The population of Greater Bombay rose from 2. The rapid rate of growth of population, made possible by the increasing industrial and commercial importance of the city, resulted in a fast deterioration in the quality of life for the majority of people living in the city. Development inputs could not keep pace with the rapidly growing population, industry, trade and commerce.
Mumbai terrorist attacks ofmultiple terrorist attacks that occurred on November 26—29,in Mumbai BombayMaharashtraIndia. Events of November 26—29 The attacks were carried out by 10 gunmen who were believed to be connected to Lashkar-e-Taibaa Pakistan -based terrorist organization.
While most of the attacks ended within a few hours after they began at around 9: At the two hotels, dozens of guests and staff were either trapped by gunfire or held hostage.
Indian security forces ended the siege at the Oberoi Trident around midday on November 28 and at the Taj Mahal Palace on the morning of the following day.
In all, at least people, including 20 security force Mumbai attacks essay and 26 foreign nationals, were killed. More than people were injured. Nine of the 10 terrorists were killed, and one was arrested. The attackers Amid speculation regarding the identity of the terrorists, an unknown group calling itself Mujahideen Hyderabad Deccan claimed responsibility for the attacks in an e-mail; however, the e-mail was later traced to a computer in Pakistan, and it became obvious that no such group existed.
The way the terrorists had reportedly singled out Western foreigners at both of the luxury hotels and at the Nariman House led some to believe that the Islamic militant group al-Qaeda was possibly involved, but this appeared not to be the case after the lone arrested terrorist, Ajmal Amir Kasab, provided substantial information regarding the planning and execution of the attacks.
He further revealed that the team of terrorists had spent time at the headquarters of a second and related organization, Jamaat-ud-Dawa, in the city of Muridke before traveling from Punjab to the port city of Karachi and setting out for Mumbai by sea.
At that point the terrorists split into small teams and set out for their respective targets. Kasab—who was charged with various crimes, including murder and waging war—later retracted his confession.
In April his trial began, but it experienced several delays, including a stoppage as officials verified that Kasab was older than age 18 and thus could not be tried in a juvenile court.
Although he pled guilty in July, the trial continued, and in December he recanted, proclaiming his innocence. In May Kasab was found guilty and sentenced to death; he was executed two years later. In June Delhi police arrested Sayed Zabiuddin Ansari or Syed Zabiuddinwho was suspected of being one of those who trained the terrorists and guided them during the attacks.
In addition, David C. Headley, a Pakistani American, pleaded guilty in to helping the terrorists plan the attacks, and in January he was sentenced in a U. Pakistan at first agreed to this request but subsequently backpedaled, offering to send to India a representative for the director general instead of Pasha himself.
The immediate impact of the attacks was felt on the ongoing peace process between the two countries. There were concerns that tensions might escalate between the two nuclear-armed neighbours.
Instead, India focused on building international public support through various diplomatic channels and through the media.
India made a plea to the UN Security Council for sanctions against Jamaat-ud-Dawa, contending that the group was a front organization for Lashkar-e-Taiba, which had been banned by Pakistan in Pakistan claimed to have arrested Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi, a senior leader of Lashkar-e-Taiba and the suspected mastermind of the Mumbai attacks, on December 8, Pakistani security forces carried out raids on Jamaat-ud-Dawa offices across the country.
This crackdown, however, lasted only a few days, after which the security cordons that had been placed around Jamaat-ud-Dawa offices were relaxed.Sep 18, · Read CNN's Fast Facts to learn more about the terror attacks in Mumbai, India, which took place November This page contains material that is kept because it is considered humorous.
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It emerged with the aim of combating the globalization of corporate economic activity and all exploitation of developing nations that could result from such activity. DRDH with Robbrecht en Daem architecten have been shortlisted in the competition for the V&A East Collections and Research Centre.
The £25m project for archive, research and public exhibition spaces will be housed in the former Olympic Media Centre, Here East in Queen Elizabeth II Park. Attacks on India by Pakistan and Pakistan’s attack on various other nations are a clear example of transnational terrorism.
Countries such as Pakistan, Syria, India, Russia, Egypt, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria, Israel, Philippines, Colombia, Somalia, Thailand, Turkey, Yemen and Nepal have been hit by numerous terrorist attacks in the past two decades.