Each of these stages is discussed below in more detail. Concept All construction projects begin with planning and design, also referred to as "architectural programming. An architect is the primary designer of a building or project and controls the overall design, specifications, finished materials e. In addition, the architect supervises the engineers responsible for the structural, mechanical, electrical, lighting and plumbing design of the building.
Demand in any period that is outside the limits established by management policy. This demand may come from a new customer or from existing customers whose own demand is increasing or decreasing. Care must be taken in evaluating the nature of the demand: Is it a volume change, is it a change in product mix, or is it related to the timing of the order?
In cost management, an approach to inventory valuation in which variable costs and a portion of fixed costs are assigned to each unit of production.
The fixed costs are usually allocated to units of output on the basis of direct labor hours, machine hours, or material costs. A Canada Customs system to speed the release of shipments by allowing electronic transmission of data to and from Canada Customs 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
In quality management, when a continuing series of lots is considered, AQL represents a quality level that, for the purposes of sampling inspection, is the limit of a satisfactory process average.
In quality management, a specific plan that indicates the sampling sizes and the associated acceptance or non-acceptance criteria to be used. In quality management, 1 A number used in acceptance sampling as a cut off at which the lot will be accepted or rejected.
For example, if x or more units are bad within the sample, the lot will be rejected. The entire lot may be accepted or rejected based on the sample even though the specific units in the lot are better or worse than the sample. There are two types: In attributes sampling, the presence or absence of a characteristic is noted in each of the units inspected.
In variables sampling, the numerical magnitude of a characteristic is measured and recorded for each inspected unit; this type of sampling involves reference to a continuous scale of some kind. A carrier's ability to provide service between an origin and a destination.
A carrier's charge for accessorial services such as loading, unloading, pickup, and delivery, or any other charge deemed appropriate. Being answerable for, but not necessarily personally charged with, doing specific work.
Accountability cannot be delegated, but it can be shared. For example, managers and executives are accountable for business performance even though they may not actually perform the work.
The value of goods and services acquired for which payment has not yet been made. The value of goods shipped or services rendered to a customer on whom payment has not been received. Usually includes an allowance for bad debts. Certification by a recognized body of the facilities, capability, objectivity, competence, and integrity of an agency, service, operational group, or individual to provide the specific service or operation needed.
A committee of ANSI chartered in to develop uniform standards for the electronic interchange of business documents. A place, usually a physical location, used to accumulate all components that go into an assembly before the assembly is sent out to the assembly floor.
In quality management, the degree of freedom from error or the degree of conformity to a standard. Accuracy is different from precision. For example, four-significant-digit numbers are less precise than six-significant-digit numbers; however, a properly computed four-significant-digit number might be more accurate than an improperly computed six-significant-digit number.
See Automated Call Distribution. A communication by a supplier to advise a purchaser that a purchase order has been received. It usually implies acceptance of the order by the supplier.
In cost accounting, the cost required to obtain one or more units of an item. It is order quantity times unit cost. Goods in active pick locations and ready for order filling. Work performed by people, equipment, technologies, or facilities.
Activities are usually described by the action-verb-adjective-noun grammar convention. Activities may occur in a linked sequence and activity-to-activity assignments may exist.
A resource may be a person, machine, or facility. Activities are grouped into pools by type of activity and allocated to products. It usually has an anticipated duration, anticipated cost, and expected resource requirements.
Sometimes major activity is used for larger bodies of work.This building will stand out with its simplicity, bold and clarity in design that signify the corporate culture and image of the bank as well as the characteristic of the financial industry.
Construction project management could be defined as the direction, regulation and supervision of a project from early development to completion.
The ultimate goal of construction project management is the full satisfaction of client’s demands for a viable project both in terms of functionality and budget. When it comes to building your dream log cabin, the design of your cabin plan is an essential ingredient..
Not all plans are designed equal Cabins come in many different sizes, shapes, styles and configurations. The design of your log home can help to maximise living space and reduce unnecessary effort during the notching and building phases.
Even though the phases have distinct qualities, they overlap. For example, you’ll typically begin planning with a ballpark budget figure and an estimated completion date. Home» Architectural Design» The 5 Phases of the Architectural Design Process The 5 Phases of the Architectural Design Process At De Biasse & Seminara Architects, PC, we make it our mission to layout the process of working with us .
Construction contractors get the majority of their jobs by bidding on projects. While builders often get training or mentoring in construction skills, they usually learn about bidding and how to develop a winning construction bid on the job, and experience painful mistakes along the way.