An introduction to the automobile industry in the 21st century electric car

In the developed world and particularly the Western Hemisphere, the automobile entered the transportation market as a toy for the rich at the beginning of the 20th century. It became increasingly popular because it gave travelers important new freedoms: Some of these consist of thousands of component parts that have evolved from breakthroughs in existing technology or from new technologies such as electronic computers, high-strength plastics, and new alloys of steel and nonferrous metals. Some subsystems have come about as a result of factors such as air pollution, safety legislation, and foreign competition.

An introduction to the automobile industry in the 21st century electric car

Antique car The American George B. Selden filed for a patent on 8 May His application included not only the engine but its use in a 4-wheeled car.

Selden filed a series of amendments to his application which stretched out the legal process, resulting in a delay of 16 years before the patent was granted on 5 November Selden licensed his patent to most major American automakers, collecting a fee on every car they produced.

The first company formed exclusively to build automobiles was Panhard et Levassor in France, which also introduced the first four-cylinder engine.

By the start of the 20th century, the automobile industry was beginning to take off in Western Europe, especially in France, where 30, were produced inrepresenting The Autocar Companyfounded inestablished a number of innovations still in use [26] and remains the oldest operating motor vehicle manufacturer in the United States.

However, it was Ransom E. Its production line was running in Jeffery Company developed the world's second mass-produced automobile, and 1, Ramblers were built and sold in its first year, representing one-sixth of all existing motorcars in the United States at the time.

The Studebaker brothers, having become the world's leading manufacturers of horse-drawn vehiclesmade a transition to electric automobiles inand gasoline engines in They continued to build horse-drawn vehicles until DuringRambler standardized on the steering wheel [31] and moved the driver's position to the left-hand side of the vehicle.

Drum brakes were introduced by Renault in Dual- and even quad-engine cars were designed, and engine displacement ranged to more than a dozen litres.

Innovation was not limited to the vehicles themselves. Increasing numbers of cars propelled the growth of the petroleum industry[36] as well as the development of technology to produce gasoline replacing kerosene and coal oil and of improvements in heat-tolerant mineral oil lubricants replacing vegetable and animal oils.

Music would be made about cars, such as "In My Merry Oldsmobile" a tradition that continues while, inWilliam Jennings Bryan would be the first presidential candidate to campaign in a car a donated Muellerin Decatur, Illinois.

Johansen at Copenhagen, in Denmark, which only built one car, ca.

Works Cited

Any woman can drive an electric automobile, any man can drive a steam, but neither man nor woman can drive a gasoline; it follows its own odorous will, and goes or goes not as it feels disposed. Breakdowns were frequent, fuel was difficult to obtain, roads suitable for traveling were scarce, and rapid innovation meant that a year-old car was nearly worthless.

Brass or Edwardian era[ edit ] A Stanley Steamer racecar in Ina similar Stanley Rocket set the world land speed record at Antique car This period lasted from roughly through to and the beginning of World War I. It is generally referred to as the Edwardian erabut in the United States is often known as the Brass era from the widespread use of brass in vehicles during this time.

Within the 15 years that make up this era, the various experimental designs and alternate power systems would be marginalised. This system specified front-enginedrear-wheel drive internal combustion engined cars with a sliding gear transmission.

Traditional coach -style vehicles were rapidly abandoned, and buckboard runabouts lost favour with the introduction of tonneaus and other less-expensive touring bodies. Bysteam car development had advanced, and they were among the fastest road vehicles in that period.

Transmissions and throttle controls were widely adopted, allowing a variety of cruising speeds, though vehicles generally still had discrete speed settings, rather than the infinitely variable system familiar in cars of later eras. Safety glass also made its debut, patented by John Wood in England in Also inthe first South American automobile was built in Peru, the Grieve.As time approaches the 21st century, the automobile has become our major source of mass transportation.

Everything about our culture and society has developed around this necessary form of travel. However, along with this necessity comes the issue of pollution to the environment.

These grea.

An introduction to the automobile industry in the 21st century electric car

This paper compares the introduction of electric vehicles in the USA in the late 19th century with the early 21st century from a socio-technical transition perspective. It discusses similarities and differences in market innovation patterns and concludes on the chances for a successful revenge today.

Tesla Motors’ new Model III has the potential to become the 21st century’s Model T by introducing the electric car to the mass-market consumer and causing disruptive change in the automobile industry.

Automobile - History of the automobile: Unlike many other major inventions, the original idea of the automobile cannot be attributed to a single individual.

The idea certainly occurred long before it was first recorded in the Iliad, in which Homer (in Alexander Pope’s translation) states that Vulcan in a single day made 20 tricycles, which Leonardo da Vinci considered the idea of a self. By the start of the 20th century, the automobile industry was beginning to take off in Western Europe, Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt — all-electric car and plug-in hybrid correspondingly, in the Pacific Northwest region and western United States during the first half of the 20th century.

History of the automobile on The electric car is arguably the most controversial product released in the car industry.

Why, because the energy used to power these cars come from non-renewable energy sources which actually use more energy than a gasoline burning automobile.

History of the electric vehicle - Wikipedia